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Journal Article

The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Unemployment and Economic Growth in Nigeria

John Olla – Executive Director Acthub

Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly becoming one of the most transformative technologies of our time. With its ability to analyze large amounts of data and make predictions, AI has the potential to revolutionize a wide range of industries, from healthcare to finance to transportation. However, one area where AI is particularly well-suited to make a positive impact is employment and economic growth. In this article, we will explore how skillfulness in AI can help to reduce unemployment and boost the Nigerian economy.

Unemployment in Nigeria

Unemployment is a major problem in Nigeria, with the unemployment rate currently standing at around 33%. This high unemployment rate has several negative consequences, such as increased poverty and social unrest. One of the main reasons for this high unemployment rate is the lack of job opportunities in the country, particularly in certain sectors such as manufacturing and technology.

Artificial Intelligence and Job Creation

One of the most promising ways AI can help address the unemployment problem is through job creation. As AI technology advances and becomes more widely adopted in different industries, many new jobs will likely be created in areas such as data analysis, machine learning, and software development.

For example, AI can optimize production processes and improve efficiency in the manufacturing sector. This can lead to increased productivity and lower costs, creating new job opportunities for workers. Similarly, AI can improve patient outcomes and reduce costs in the healthcare sector, creating new job opportunities for doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals.

Skillfulness in Artificial Intelligence

To reap the full benefits of AI, Nigeria must have a skilled workforce that can work with and develop AI technology. This is where skillfulness in AI comes in. By investing in education and training programs that teach the skills needed to work with AI, Nigeria can ensure that its workforce is well-equipped to take advantage of the job opportunities that AI creates.

One way in which Nigeria can improve skillfulness in AI is by investing in STEM education. By providing students with a strong foundation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, Nigeria can ensure that its workforce is well-prepared to work with AI technology. Additionally, by providing training and education programs for workers already in the workforce, Nigeria can help to upskill its existing workforce and ensure that it is well-equipped to work with AI technology.

Economic Growth

In addition to reducing unemployment, AI skillfulness can also help boost the Nigerian economy. As more and more industries adopt AI technology, there will likely be increased demand for goods and services related to AI. This can lead to increased economic growth and higher living standards for the population.

In particular, Nigeria can take advantage of the growing global demand for AI technology by developing its own AI industry. By investing in research and development, Nigeria can develop its AI technology and products, which can then be exported to other countries. Additionally, by promoting skillfulness in AI, Nigeria can attract foreign investment in the AI industry, further boosting economic growth.


Artificial intelligence is a powerful technology that has the potential to address many of the challenges facing Nigeria, including unemployment and economic growth. By investing in skillfulness in AI and developing a skilled workforce that can work with and develop AI technology, Nigeria can ensure that it is well-prepared to take advantage of the job opportunities and economic growth that AI creates. Additionally, by developing its own AI industry and exporting its own AI technology and products, Nigeria can further boost its economy and improve.